Distributed Load Shedding Algorithm for Islanded Microgrid Using Fog Computing Paradigm

Diana Rwegasira, Imed Ben Dhaou, Syed Kakakhel, Tomi Westerlund and Hannu Tenhunen

Demand Side Management, DSM, is a program supported by the smart-grid which aims at matching the energy consumption and production. Several techniques for demand-side management have been proposed, including load-shedding, time of use pricing, real-time pricing, and critical peak pricing. In this work, we propose a distributed load-shedding algorithm using the multi-agent system. The agents in residential areas collaborate to reduce the energy demands using various forecasting techniques. The computational distributed framework is provided via fog computing to minimize power consumption, costs, and latency when designed using LoRaWAN protocol.